Cyprus is not a very big island. All sites are at most a couple of hours away.
THE CYPRUS MUSEUM
With so many archaeological sites, Cyprus is packed with museums, but the Cyprus Museum in the capital Nicosia is where you can get a complete picture of the island’s complete history. Extremely well-curated, the museum takes visitors on a journey from the Neolithic age right up to the Ottoman era.
The city where the airport is situated. It boasts an old Turkish Quarter (called Skala) and ornate Agios Lazaros (Church of St. Lazarus) that give the town an interesting historical edge. The salt lake, to Larnaca’s west, is packed with pink flamingos during springtime, while plenty of hill villages and cultural tourist attractions lie in the surrounding lands.
The Troodos Mountains, on the southwest, are packed with pretty villages full of stone-cut traditional houses and cobblestone alleys. They ‘re also home to some of Cyprus’ most amazing churches and monasteries that hold vibrant frescoes and wall paintings which date back to the medieval era. Troodos churches are so important historically that nine of them have been given UNESCO World Heritage status.
Kyrenia (Girne) is North Cyprus’ prettiest town having clung to the old Ottoman character of its harborside old district. Kyrenia Castle overlooks the quaint harbor on the eastern side and offers fantastic views across the town.
Ancient Salamis is in North Cyprus, but it’s an easy day trip from Nicosia.This huge archaeological site is home to a wealth of marble ruins and ranks first among the historical sites of the island, along with Ancient Kourion. Grand Hellenistic statuary – missing their heads, which were lopped off by over-zealous Christians – sit amid the ruins of the Gymnasium. A humongous reservoir area showcases the engineering ability and management of what must have once been a grand ancient city.
There’s no shortage of ancient sites in Cyprus but Kourion is the peak of the bunch. Romantically situated across a coastal cliff with tumbling views of the countryside and the Mediterranean below, it’s a magical place. The entire site is vast, but the most famous section is the theater and the House of Eustolios, which holds a clutch of fine, well-preserved mosaics.
TOMBS OF THE KINGS
This World Heritage site, located just 2 km (1.24 miles) north of Paphos harbour, is an underground monument carved out of solid rocks dating back to the 4th century BC. The name was inspired by the size, and splendour of the tombs, that are meticulously curved into shapes.
KATO PAPHOS ARCHAEOLOGICAL PARK
A blend of ancient Greek and Roman social and cultural life. The site is an ancient city inhabited since prehistoric to Middle Ages. One of the most remarkable discoveries in the location includes four villas from the Roman period with striking mosaic floors still intact.